Skills Development through Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

Skills Development through Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

Skills are vital for poverty reduction, economic growth and sustainable human resource development. Through its Strategy for TVET (2016-2021), UNESCO endeavours to support the efforts of Member States to enhance the relevance of their TVET systems and to equip all youth and adults with the skills required for employment, decent work, entrepreneurship and lifelong learning, and to contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a whole. UNESCO Bangkok, in its capacity as the Asia-Pacific Regional Bureau for Education, is following this approach to support Member States in strengthening their education and training systems through this project, which consists of three main components:

      1. In-country technical advice on TVET in two LDCs in Asia-Pacific

      1. Conceptual clarification and in-depth study on transversal skills in TVET

      1. Establishment of an information base on Quality Assurance of TVET Qualifications in Asia-Pacific and support to the establishment of the ASEAN Qualifications Reference Framework.

    The project is expected to contribute to the increased relevance of TVET systems and stronger alignment of learning outcomes in TVET with labour market needs of Member States in Asia-Pacific.

    Key Activities

    The main achievements from the project can be summarised as follows:

    • Publication: Review of the Pacific Framework for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (2012-2015). The Review was conducted in collaboration with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. The Review findings were discussed at the 21st consultation meeting of the Pacific Heads of Education Systems (PHES) in Port Vila, Vanuatu, on 20-21 October 2015. The observations and recommendations from this Review are expected to inform the formulation of the new Pacific Education Development Framework (PEDF), especially the PEDF TVET outcome, in the upcoming Forum Education Ministers Meeting (FEdMM) in May 2018. It will be submitted for endorsement and as the basis for agreement on the revision of the regional framework for TVET in the Pacific.
    • PublicationTransversal Skills in TVET: Pedagogies and Assessment. The synthesis report of the 2nd phase of UNESCO Bangkok’s research study on transversal competencies was published in November 2015, and has been/will be shared widely with stakeholders at (upcoming) regional meetings and conferences on TVET (SEAMEO VOCTECH, OECD-GIZ Policy Forum, RECOTVET Regional Policy Dialogue, etc.) The report looks at experiences of teaching and assessing transversal skills in TVET in three countries, namely, Brunei, Thailand and the Republic of Korea.
    • Establishment of an Information Base on Quality Assurance of TVET in Asia Pacific. This activity was conducted through a 3-phased approach. In Phase 1, the project has produced a discussion paper which explores and identifies issues involved in assuring quality and consistency of qualification process. In Phase 2, country reports were produced and synthesis report was developed. As part of the Phase 3 of this project, the regional guidelines for QA of TVET qualifications were developed and disseminated. It was presented and endorsed at the 3rd High Officials Meeting on SEA-TVET that gathered approximately 180 delegates from the Ministries of Education and related Ministries from 9 SEA countries, institutions and regional agencies, representatives Japan and Germany amongst others.
    • The publications on the Pacific TVET framework (400 copies printed) and transversal skills in TVET (500 copies produced) have been shared through the UNESCO-UNEVOC e-forum, a global platform of TVET practitioners and stakeholders, and the Member states through UNESCO field offices and with UNESCO’s TVET partners, including GIZ, TVET@Asia, the Regional Association for Vocational Teacher Education in East and Southeast Asia (RAVTE), and the Asian Development Bank.

    Links to Publications and News

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